The Theories Of International Politics Essay
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Several theoretical approaches have been developed as an attempt to explain the workings of International Politics. These different perspectives which use different methods and assumptions can be helpful in studying and predicting the actions and interactions of the actors they concentrate on and include, realism, liberalism and feminism. No single approach however succeeds in taking into consideration all factors and outcomes in world politics and each of them has distinct benefits as well as certain limitations. The realist point of view, for example, considers the nation-state as the basic unit of analysis and explains its decisions within an anarchical world system. There is no central force or power that can regulate the rules among…show more content…
Realism as an important approach to international relations explains states’ interaction strictly in terms of self help and power in guaranteeing security. This view is shared by many thinkers from the very start of organized political states until the present day from Thucydides’ account written in 404 B.C to Morgenthau’s modern explanations of national interest in terms of power. It explains the anarchist nature of the global society without a form of international government possibly existing. If no government is present, then the chaos and disorder is inevitable as every state carries unstoppable search for power at the same time. This explains how states behave and interact with one another. Hobbes defines this incessant search for power as being inherent to our very human nature. The only role of each state is therefore to maximize that power by any means necessary. A good example showing this claim can be found in Machiavelli’s work The Prince. Throughout several parts of his book, he clearly refers to several manipulative tactics to show how one can use political calculations to gain power. He also explains how for example, a prince, the leader of the state, should know how to do wrong to be respected and secure his power. According to Machiavelli, all methods should be taken in consideration, either just or unjust, to gain and protect the power. Futhermore, nothing is more important to realism than security. The objective of each state
Liberalism And Realism Essay
Realism and Liberalism are two extremely prominent theories of international relations. These doctrines exhibit sagacious perceptions about war, foreign affairs and domestic relations. The fundamental principles of protocol in which we rely upon aren’t always apprehensive (Karle, Warren, 2003). By interpreting the data one could fathom these ideas. The assessment of these faculties wield noteworthy dominance about the concepts of international affairs. In analyzing this data, you will comprehend the variant relationship between Realism and Liberalism.
Realism is broadly defined as verisimilitude, meaning “the faithful representation of reality” (Donna M. Campbell, 2011). Realism is the doctrine that universals exist outside the mind (Merriam Webster, 2012). A realist or the individuals that study realism affirms that they believe in the Correspondence Theory of Truth (Hilary Putnam, 1976). According to the teachings of Aristotle, this conjecture is the theoretical analysis to realize the truth without evidence to support the facts. This harmless cliché is distinctive in holding the notion of perception according to ones’ belief system. The correspondence of truth is related to the world and how the world describes the actual state of affair. Proven through the premises of metaphysics in earlier works of Aristotle to claim that something that which is does not exist or to assert that something that is not existent and to say it is existent would be falsehood; and to utter that which is exists and that which is not indeed is nonexistent is considered truth (Metaphysics Lab, 2002-2009). Realism was a faction that occurred around the entire country, it was most typically encompassed by inhabitants of the Midwest and South. The enduring theory of realism has many philosophical groups pertaining to international relations that all Realists concur. Realism has been very effective in helping scholars understand the international system through the concepts of altruism, survival, and self-help. Realists believed that there are no codes of conduct in which all states may guide their own actions. They believed that a state must be cognizant of the events of the states evolved and that one must use a pragmatic approach to solve imminent issues. They desired states to have supreme power over themselves in order to actively engage in the use and expansion of military preeminence. George Evans and Jeffrey Newnham (Graham Evans and Newnham, 1998) composed in their dictionary, that his fundamental outlying attainment of authority is appropriate, lucid, and is a highly anticipated ambition of foreign policy. Realism is branded a pessimistic view in that they argue that states will amass alliances to guarantee equal power giving no state dictatorship (Rosenberg, Justin, 1990). The moral outlook of Realists was established by parodies subsequently identifying their morality as a denunciation of polite mannerisms in fictional stories; for example, Harper Lee’s...
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