Research Papers Internet Impact On Society Of Hypertension


Effects of treatment on morbidity in hypertension. II. Results in patients with diastolic blood pressure averaging 90 through 114 mm Hg. JAMA. 1970;213(7):1143–1152. [PubMed: 4914579]


Effect of antihypertensive treatment on stroke recurrence. Hypertension-Stroke Cooperative Study Group. JAMA. 1974;229(4):409–418. [PubMed: 4599980]


Evaluation of drug treatment in mild hypertension: VA-NHLBI feasibility trial. Plan and preliminary results of a two-year feasibility trial for a multicenter intervention study to evaluate the benefits versus the disadvantages of treating mild hypertension. Prepared for the Veterans Administration-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Study Group for Evaluating Treatment in Mild Hypertension. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1978;304:267–292. [PubMed: 360921]


The Australian therapeutic trial in mild hypertension. Report by the Management Committee. Lancet. 1980;1(8181):1261–1267. [PubMed: 6104081]


Hydrochlorothiazide and bendroflumethiazide in low doses--a comparative trial. Acta Pharmacologica Et Toxicologica. 1984;54(Suppl 1):47–51. [PubMed: 6369883]


An international trial of antihypertensive therapy in elderly patients. Objectives, protocol and organization. European Working Party on High Blood Pressure in the Elderly (EWPHE). Archives Internationales De Pharmacodynamie Et De Therapie. 1985;275(2):300–334. [PubMed: 3896176]


Cardiovascular risk and risk factors in a randomized trial of treatment based on the beta-blocker oxprenolol: the International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (IPPPSH) The IPPPSH Collaborative Group. Journal of Hypertension. 1985;3(4):379–392. [PubMed: 2864374]


MRC trial of treatment of mild hypertension: principal results. Medical Research Council Working Party. BMJ. 1985;291(6488):97–104. [PMC free article: PMC1416260] [PubMed: 2861880]


Course of blood pressure in mild hypertensives after withdrawal of long term antihypertensive treatment. Medical Research Council Working Party on Mild Hypertension. BMJ. 1986;293(6553):988–992. [PMC free article: PMC1341775] [PubMed: 2876745]


Effects of replacing sodium intake in subjects on a low sodium diet: a crossover study. Australian National Health & Medical Research Council Dietary Salt Study Management Committee. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension Part A: Theory and Practice. 1989;11(5–6):1011–1024. [PubMed: 2676249]


Fall in blood pressure with modest reduction in dietary salt intake in mild hypertension. Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Dietary Salt Study Management Committee. Lancet. 1989;1(8635):399–402. [PubMed: 2563786]


Effect of enalapril on survival in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions and congestive heart failure. The SOLVD Investigators. New England Journal of Medicine. 1991;325(5):293–302. [PubMed: 2057034]


Prevention of stroke by antihypertensive drug treatment in older persons with isolated systolic hypertension. Final results of the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). SHEP Cooperative Research Group. JAMA. 1991;265(24):3255–3264. [PubMed: 2046107]


Acute Pain Management: Operative or Medical Procedures and Trauma. Rockville, MD: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Publications; 1992.


Medical Research Council trial of treatment of hypertension in older adults: principal results. MRC Working Party. BMJ. 1992;304(6824):405–412. [PMC free article: PMC1995577] [PubMed: 1445513]


Systolic hypertension in the elderly: Chinese trial (syst-China). Interim report. Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi. 1992;20(5):270–5. 323. [PubMed: 1306814]


Systolic hypertension in the elderly: Chinese trial (Syst-China)--second interim report. Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi. 1993;21(3):135–7. 185. [PubMed: 8243223]


The Oslo Diet and Exercise Study (ODES): design and objectives. Controlled Clinical Trials. 1993;14(3):229–243. [PubMed: 8339552]


Trial of secondary prevention with atenolol after transient ischemic attack or nondisabling ischemic stroke. The Dutch TIA Trial Study Group. Stroke. 1993;24(4):543–548. [PubMed: 8465360]


Post-stroke antihypertensive treatment study. A preliminary result. PATS Collaborating Group. Chinese Medical Journal. 1995;108(9):710–717. [PubMed: 8575241]


BS EN 1060-1: 1996 Specification for Non-Invasive Sphygmomanometers. General Requirements. Jun 15, 1996.


Clinical and Experimental Pheochromocytoma. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell; 1996.


Prevention of coronary heart disease in clinical practice. Recommendations of the Second Joint Task Force of European and other Societies on coronary prevention. European Heart Journal. 1998;19(10):1434–1503. [PubMed: 9820987]


Health Survey for England: Cardiovascular Disease. The Stationary Office; 1999.


Effects of ramipril on cardiovascular and microvascular outcomes in people with diabetes mellitus: results of the HOPE study and MICRO-HOPE substudy. Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation Study Investigators. Lancet. 2000;355(9200):253–259. [PubMed: 10675071]


British National Formulary. Issue 44. BMJ Books and Pharmaceutical Press; Mar, 2001. 2003.


Mulrow CD, editor. Evidence Based Hypertension. London: BMJ; 2001.


Craig R, Mindell J, editors. Health Survey for England 2006. Volume 1: Cardiovascular Disease and Risk Factors in Adults. Leeds: The Information Centre; 2008. Available from: http://www​​/webfiles/publications​/HSE06/HSE%2006%20report​%20VOL%201%20v2.pdf.


Principal results of the Japanese trial to assess optimal systolic blood pressure in elderly hypertensive patients (JATOS) Hypertension Research. 2008;31(12):2115–2127. [PubMed: 19139601]


NHS Supply Chain catalogue. [Last accessed on: 17 February 2010]. Available from: http://www​.supplychain​​/portal/Public/NHS-CAT.


Achmon J, Granek M, Golomb M, Hart J. Behavioral treatment of essential hypertension: a comparison between cognitive therapy and biofeedback of heart rate. Psychosomatic Medicine. 1989;51(2):152–164. [PubMed: 2710909]


Adsett CA, Bellissimo A, Mitchell A, Wilczynski N, Haynes RB. Behavioral and physiological effects of a beta blocker and relaxation therapy on mild hypertensives. Psychosomatic Medicine. 1989;51(5):523–536. [PubMed: 2678210]


Agras WS, Southam MA, Taylor CB. Long-term persistence of relaxation-induced blood pressure lowering during the working day. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1983;51(5):792–794. [PubMed: 6355223]


Agras WS, Taylor CB, Kraemer HC, Southam MA, Schneider JA. Relaxation training for essential hypertension at the worksite: II. The poorly controlled hypertensive. Psychosomatic Medicine. 1987;49(3):264–273. [PubMed: 3299443]


Aitchison F, Page A. Diagnostic imaging of renal artery stenosis. Journal of Human Hypertension. 1999;13(9):595–603. [PubMed: 10482969]


Aivazyan TA, Zaitsev VP, Salenko BB, Yurenev AP, Patrusheva IF. Efficacy of relaxation techniques in hypertensive patients. Health Psychology. 1988;7(Suppl):193–200. [PubMed: 3072179]


Alam S, Johnson AG. A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT) among healthy normotensive and essential hypertensive elderly patients to determine the effect of high salt (NaCl) diet of blood pressure. Journal of Human Hypertension. 1999;13(6):367–374. [PubMed: 10408586]


Alderman MH, Davis TK, Gerber LM, Robb M. Antihypertensive drug therapy withdrawal in a general population. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1986;146(7):1309–1311. [PubMed: 3718126]


Alem M, Milia P, Muir S, Lees K, Walters M. Comparison of the effects of diuretics on blood pressure and arterial stiffness in patients with stroke. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. 2008;17(6):373–377. [PubMed: 18984430]


American Heart Association. 2000 Heart and Stroke Statistical Update. American Heart Association; 1999.


ANSI/AAMI SP10 1987. Arlington, VA: Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation; 1983. American National Standard for Electronic or Automated Sphymomanometers.


Amery A, Birkenhager W, Brixko P, Bulpitt C, Clement D, Deruyttere M, De SA, Dollery C, Fagard R, Forette F. Mortality and morbidity results from the European Working Party on High Blood Pressure in the Elderly trial. Lancet. 1985;1(8442):1349–1354. [PubMed: 2861311]


Amery A, Birkenhager W, Bulpitt CJ, Clement D, De Leeuw P, Dollery CT. Syst-Eur: a multicenter trial on the treatment of isolated systolic hypertension in the elderly objectives, protocol, and organisation. Ageing. 1991;3:287–302. [PubMed: 1764497]


Anderson KM, Odell PM, Wilson PW, Kannel WB. Cardiovascular disease risk profiles. American Heart Journal. 1991;121(1 Pt 2):293–298. [PubMed: 1985385]


Anderssen S, Holme I, Urdal P, Hjermann I. Diet and exercise intervention have favourable effects on blood pressure in mild hypertensives: the Oslo Diet and Exercise Study (ODES) Blood Pressure. 1995;4(6):343–349. [PubMed: 8746601]


Antivalle M, Lattuada S, Salvaggio A, Paravicini M, Rindi M, Libretti A. Placebo effect and adaptation to noninvasive monitoring of BP. Journal of Human Hypertension. 1990;4(6):633–637. [PubMed: 2096204]


Applegate WB, Miller ST, Elam JT, Cushman WC, el Derwi D, Brewer A, Graney MJ. Nonpharmacologic intervention to reduce blood pressure in older patients with mild hypertension. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1992;152(6):1162–1166. [PubMed: 1599343]


Ara R, Brennan A. Economic Evaluation of Sibutramine for the Treatment of Obesity in Adults Without Other Co-Morbidities in the UK. School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield; 2004.


Arima H, Chalmers J, Woodward M, Anderson C, Rodgers A, Davis S, Macmahon S, Neal B. Lower target blood pressures are safe and effective for the prevention of recurrent stroke: The PROGRESS trial. Journal of Hypertension. 2006;24(6):1201–1208. [PubMed: 16685221]


Arima H, Tanizaki Y, Yonemoto K, Doi Y, Ninomiya T, Hata J, Fukuhara M, Matsumura K, Iida M, Kiyohara Y. Impact of blood pressure levels on different types of stroke: the Hisayama study. Journal of Hypertension. 2009;27(12):2437–2443. [PubMed: 19657282]


Armitage P, Berry G, Matthews JNS. Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 4th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 2002.


Asagami T, Kushiro T, Inoue J, Kanmatsuse K. Long-term reproducibility and usefulness of daytime recording of noninvasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in borderline hypertension: a two-year follow-up study. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension (New York) 1996;18(5):637–657. [PubMed: 8781751]


Asayama K, Ohkubo T, Kikuya M, Obara T, Metoki H, Inoue R, Hara A, Hirose T, Hoshi H, Hashimoto J, Totsune K, Satoh H, Imai Y. Prediction of stroke by home "morning" versus "evening" blood pressure values: the Ohasama study. Hypertension. 2006;48(4):737–743. [PubMed: 16952977]


Asayama K, Ohkubo T, Yoshida S, Suzuki K, Metoki H, Harada A, Murakami Y, Ohashi Y, Ueshima H, Imai Y. Japan Arteriosclerosis Longitudinal Study (JALS) group. Stroke risk and antihypertensive drug treatment in the general population: the Japan arteriosclerosis longitudinal study. Journal of Hypertension. 2009;27(2):357–364. [PubMed: 19155790]


ASCOT Steering Committee. Age-Stratified Analysis of Blood Pressure Responses. Personal communication. p. 06.


Asmar R, Safar M, Queneau P. Evaluation of the placebo effect and reproducibility of blood pressure measurement in hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension. 2001;14(6 I):546–552. [PubMed: 11411734]


Assmann G, Cullen P, Evers T, Petzinna D, Schulte H. Importance of arterial pulse pressure as a predictor of coronary heart disease risk in PROCAM. European Heart Journal. 2005;26(20):2120–2126. [PubMed: 16141262]


Ayman D, Goldshine AD. Blood pressure determination by patients with essential hypertension: the difference between clinic and home readings before treatment. American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 1940;200(4):465–474.


Bamford J, Sandercock P, Dennis M, Warlow C, Jones L, McPherson K, Vessey M, Fowler G, Molyneux A, Hughes T. A prospective study of acute cerebrovascular disease in the community: the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project 1981–86. 1. Methodology, demography and incident cases of first-ever stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 1988;51(11):1373–1380. [PMC free article: PMC1032805] [PubMed: 3266234]


Barengo NC, Hu G, Kastarinen M, Antikainen R, Tuomilehto J. The effects of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension on future stroke incidence in a community-based population study in Finland. Journal of Hypertension. 2009;27(7):1459–1465. [PubMed: 19365282]


Barengo NC, Kastarinen M, Antikainen R, Nissinen A, Tuomilehto J. The effects of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in a community-based population. Journal of Human Hypertension. 2009;23(12):808–816. [PubMed: 19369956]


Bayo J, Cos FX, Roca C, Dalfo A, Martin-Baranera MM, Albert B. Home blood pressure self-monitoring: Diagnostic performance in white-coat hypertension. Blood Pressure Monitoring. 2006;11(2):47–52. [PubMed: 16534404]


Beckett NS, Peters R, Fletcher AE, Staessen JA, Liu L, Dumitrascu D, Stoyanovsky V, Antikainen RL, Nikitin Y, Anderson C, Belhani A, Forette F, Rajkumar C, Thijs L, Banya W, Bulpitt CJ. HYVET Study Group. Treatment of hypertension in patients 80 years of age or older. New England Journal of Medicine. 2008;358(18):1887–1898. [PubMed: 18378519]


Beevers G, Lip G, O'Brien E. ABC of hypertension: Blood pressure measurement. Part II. BMJ. 2001;322(7293):1043–1047. [PMC free article: PMC1120188] [PubMed: 11325773]


Beevers G, Lip GY, O'Brien E. ABC of hypertension. Blood pressure measurement. Part I-sphygmomanometry: factors common to all techniques. BMJ. 2001;322(7292):981–985. [PMC free article: PMC1120141] [PubMed: 11312235]


Beevers G, Lip GY, O'Brien E. ABC of hypertension: The pathophysiology of hypertension. BMJ. 2001;322(7291):912–916. [PMC free article: PMC1120075] [PubMed: 11302910]


Bejan-Angoulvant T, Saadatian-Elahi M, Wright JM, Schron EB, Lindholm LH, Fagard R, Staessen JA, Gueyffier F. Treatment of hypertension in patients 80 years and older: The lower the better? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Hypertension. 2010;28(7):1366–1372. [PubMed: 20574244]


Benetos A, Thomas F, Bean KE, Guize L. Why cardiovascular mortality is higher in treated hypertensives versus subjects of the same age, in the general population. Journal of Hypertension. 2003;21(9):1635–1640. [PubMed: 12923394]


Bennett P, Wallace L, Carroll D, Smith N. Treating Type A behaviours and mild hypertension in middle-aged men. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 1991;35(2–3):209–223. [PubMed: 2046054]


Benson J, Britten N. Patients' decisions about whether or not to take antihypertensive drugs: qualitative study. BMJ. 2002;325(7369):873. [PMC free article: PMC129637] [PubMed: 12386041]


Benson J, Britten N. Patients' views about taking antihypertensive drugs: questionnaire study. BMJ. 2003;326(7402):1314–1315. [PMC free article: PMC161632] [PubMed: 12805171]


Berglund A, Andersson OK, Berglund G, Fagerberg B. Antihypertensive effect of diet compared with drug treatment in obese men with mild hypertension. BMJ. 1989;299(6697):480–485. [PMC free article: PMC1837358] [PubMed: 2507028]


Bhatnagar D, Anand IS, Durrington PN, Patel DJ, Wander GS, Mackness MI, Creed F, Tomenson B, Chandrashekhar Y, Winterbotham M, et al. Coronary risk factors in people from the Indian subcontinent living in west London and their siblings in India. Lancet. 1995;345(8947):405–409. [PubMed: 7853948]


Bhopal R, Unwin N, White M, Yallop J, Walker L, Alberti KG, Harland J, Patel S, Ahmad N, Turner C, Watson B, Kaur D, Kulkarni A, Laker M, Tavridou A. Heterogeneity of coronary heart disease risk factors in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and European origin populations: cross sectional study. BMJ. 1999;319(7204):215–220. [PMC free article: PMC28170] [PubMed: 10417082]


Bing RF, Briggs RS, Burden AC, Russell GI, Swales JD, Thurston H. Reversible hypertension and hypothyroidism. Clinical Endocrinology. 1980;13(4):339–342. [PubMed: 7438475]


Bing RF, Russell GI, Swales JD, Thurston H. Indapamide and bendrofluazide: A comparison in the management of essential hypertension. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 1981;12(6):883–886. [PMC free article: PMC1401924] [PubMed: 7041937]


Bjorklund K, Lind L, Zethelius B, Berglund L, Lithell H. Prognostic significance of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure characteristics for cardiovascular morbidity in a population of elderly men. Journal of Hypertension. 2004;22(9):1691–1697. [PubMed: 15311096]


Black HR, Elliott WJ, Grandits G, Grambsch P, Lucente T, White WB, Neaton JD, Grimm RH Jr, Hansson L, Lacourciere Y, Muller J, Sleight P, Weber MA, Williams G, Wittes J, Zanchetti A, Anders RJ. CONVINCE Research Group. Principal results of the Controlled Onset Verapamil Investigation of Cardiovascular End Points (CONVINCE) trial. JAMA. 2003;289(16):2073–2082. [PubMed: 12709465]


Black HR, Elliott WJ, Neaton JD, Grandits G, Grambsch P, Grimm RH, Hansson L, Lacourciere Y, Muller J, Sleight P, Weber MA, White WB, Williams G, Wittes J, Zanchetti A, Fakouhi TD. Rationale and design for the controlled ONset Verapamil INvestigation of Cardiovascular Endpoints (CONVINCE) Trial. Controlled Clinical Trials. 1998;19:370–390. [PubMed: 9683312]


Blanchard EB, Miller ST, Abel GG, Haynes MR, Wicker R. Evaluation of biofeedback in the treatment of borderline essential hypertension. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1979;12(1):99–109. [PMC free article: PMC1311352] [PubMed: 468751]


Bland JM, Jones DR, Bennett S, Haines AP, MacFarlane AJ. Is the clinical trial evidence about new drugs statistically adequate? British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 1985;19:155–160. [PMC free article: PMC1463709] [PubMed: 3872671]


Turnbull F, Neal B, Ninomiya T, Algert C, Arima H, Barzi F, Bulpitt C, Chalmers J, Fagard R, Gleason A, Heritier S, Li N, Perkovic V, Woodward M, Macmahon S. Blood Pressure Lowering Treatment Trialists' Collaboration. Effects of different regimens to lower blood pressure on major cardiovascular events in older and younger adults: meta-analysis of randomised trials. BMJ. 2008;336(7653):1121–1123. [PMC free article: PMC2386598] [PubMed: 18480116]


Bloom BS. Daily regimen and compliance with treatment. BMJ. 2001;323(7314):647. [PMC free article: PMC1121223] [PubMed: 11566816]


Blumenthal JA, Sherwood A, Gullette EC, Babyak M, Waugh R, Georgiades A, Craighead LW, Tweedy D, Feinglos M, Appelbaum M, Hayano J, Hinderliter A. Exercise and weight loss reduce blood pressure in men and women with mild hypertension: effects on cardiovascular, metabolic, and hemodynamic functioning. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2000;160(13):1947–1958. [PubMed: 10888969]


Blumenthal JA, Siegel WC, Appelbaum M. Failure of exercise to reduce blood pressure in patients with mild hypertension. Results of a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1991;266(15):2098–2104. [PubMed: 1920698]


Bobrie G, Chatellier G, Genes N, Clerson P, Vaur L, Vaisse B, Menard J, Mallion JM. Cardiovascular prognosis of "masked hypertension" detected by blood pressure self-measurement in elderly treated hypertensive patients. JAMA. 2004;291(11):1342–1349. [PubMed: 15026401]


Bobrie G, Genes N, Vaur L, Clerson P, Vaisse B, Mallion JM, Chatellier G. Is "isolated home" hypertension as opposed to "isolated office" hypertension a sign of greater cardiovascular risk? Archives of Internal Medicine. 2001;161(18):2205–2211. [PubMed: 11575977]


Boggia J, Li Y, Thijs L, Hansen TW, Kikuya M, Bjorklund-Bodegard K, Richart T, Ohkubo T, Kuznetsova T, Torp-Pedersen C, Lind L, Ibsen H, Imai Y, Wang J, Sandoya E, O'Brien E, Staessen JA. International Database on Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes (IDACO) investigators. Prognostic accuracy of day versus night ambulatory blood pressure: a cohort study. Lancet. 2007;370(9594):1219–1229. [PubMed: 17920917]


Borghi C, Dormi A, L'Italien G, Lapuerta P, Franklin SS, Collatina S, Gaddi A. The relationship between systolic blood pressure and cardiovascular risk--results of the Brisighella Heart Study. Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 2003;5(1):47–52. [PubMed: 12556653]


Borhani NO, Mercuri M, Borhani PA, Buckalew VM, Canossa-Terris M, Carr AA, Kappagoda MD, Rocco MV, Schnaper HW, Sowers JR, Bond MG. Final outcome results of the Multicenter Isradipine Diuretic Atherosclerosis Study (MIDAS) JAMA. 1996;276(10):785–791. [PubMed: 8769587]


Borrello G, Mastroroberto P, Curcio F, Chello M, Zofrea S, Mazza ML. The effects of magnesium oxide on mild essential hypertension and quality of life. Current Therapeutic Research. 1996;57(10):767–774.


Bosley F, Allen TW. Stress management training for hypertensives: cognitive and physiological effects. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1989;12(1):77–89. [PubMed: 2746644]


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Brandao SA, Izar CO, Fischer SM, Santos AO, Monteiro CM, Povoa RM, Helfenstein T, Carvalho AC, Monteiro AM, Ramos E, Gidlund M, Figueiredo Neto AM, Fonseca FA. Early increase in autoantibodies against human oxidized low-density lipoprotein in hypertensive patients after blood pressure control. American Journal of Hypertension. 2010;23(2):208–214. [PubMed: 19910928]


Brauer AP, Horlick L, Nelson E, Farquhar JW, Agras WS. Relaxation therapy for essential hypertension: a Veterans Administration Outpatient study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1979;2(1):21–29. [PubMed: 400246]


Bray EP, Holder R, Mant J, McManus RJ. Does self-monitoring reduce blood pressure? Meta-analysis with meta-regression of randomized controlled trials. Annals of Medicine. 2010;42(5):371–386. [PubMed: 20504241]


Brenner BM, Cooper ME, de ZD, Keane WF, Mitch WE, Parving HH, Remuzzi G, Snapinn SM, Zhang Z, Shahinfar S. Effects of losartan on renal and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy. New England Journal of Medicine. 2001;345(12):861–869. [PubMed: 11565518]


Brenner H, Gefeller O. Variation of sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios and predictive values with disease prevalence. Stat Med. 1997;16(9):981–991. [PubMed: 9160493]


British Hypertension Society. Blood Pressure Measurement CD-ROM. BMJ; 1999.


British Hypertension Society. Validated devices suitable for home use. [Last accessed on: 11 November 2010]. Available from: http://www​​/blood_pressure_list.stm.


Britton KA, Gaziano JM, Djousse L. Normal systolic blood pressure and risk of heart failure in US male physicians. European Journal of Heart Failure. 2009;11(12):1129–1134. [PMC free article: PMC2779833] [PubMed: 19861382]


Bronnum-Hansen H, Davidsen M, Thorvaldsen P. Long-term survival and causes of death after stroke. Stroke. 2001;32(9):2131–2136. [PubMed: 11546907]


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Brook RD. Home blood pressure: accuracy is independent of monitoring schedules. American Journal of Hypertension. 2000;13(6 Pt 1):625–631. [PubMed: 10912745]


Brown MJ, Palmer CR, Castaigne A, de Leeuw PW, Mancia G, Rosenthal T. Morbidity and mortality in patients randomised to double-blind treatment with a long-acting calcium-channel blocker or diuretic in the International Nifedipine GITS study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT) Lancet. 2000;356(5):366–372. [PubMed: 10972368]


Brown MJ, Palmer CR, Castaigne A, de Leeuw PW, Mancia G, Rosenthal T. Principal results from the International Nifedipine GITS Study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT) European Heart Journal. 2001;3(Suppl B):B20–B26.


Bulpitt CJ, Ferrier G, Lewis PJ, Daymond M, Bulpitt PF, Dollery CT. Potassium supplementation fails to lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients receiving a potassium losing diuretic. Annals of Clinical Research. 1985;17(4):126–130. [PubMed: 3907484]


Burgess E, Lewanczuk R, Bolli P, Chockalingam A, Cutler H, Taylor G, Hamet P. Lifestyle modifications to prevent and control hypertension. 6. Recommendations on potassium, magnesium and calcium. Canadian Hypertension Society, Canadian Coalition for High Blood Pressure Prevention and Control, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control at Health Canada, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1999;160(9 Suppl):S35–S45. [PMC free article: PMC1230338] [PubMed: 10333852]


Burke LE, Dunbar-Jacob JM, Hill MN. Compliance with cardiovascular disease prevention strategies: a review of the research. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 1997;19(3):239–263. [PubMed: 9603699]


Burt VL, Whelton P, Roccella EJ, Brown C, Cutler JA, Higgins M, Horan MJ, Labarthe D. Prevalence of hypertension in the US adult population. Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1991. Hypertension. 1995;25(3):305–313. [PubMed: 7875754]


Calvo C, Hermida RC, Ayala DE, Lopez JE, Fernandez JR, Dominguez MJ, Mojon A, Covelo M. The 'ABPM effect' gradually decreases but does not disappear in successive sessions of ambulatory monitoring. Journal of Hypertension. 2003;21(12):2265–2273. [PubMed: 14654746]


Campbell NC, Ritchie LD, Thain J, Deans HG, Rawles JM, Squair JL. Secondary prevention in coronary heart disease: a randomised trial of nurse led clinics in primary care. Heart. 1998;80(5):447–452. [PMC free article: PMC1728827] [PubMed: 9930042]


Campbell NR, Burgess E, Choi BC, Taylor G, Wilson E, Cleroux J, Fodor JG, Leiter LA, Spence D. Lifestyle modifications to prevent and control hypertension. 1. Methods and an overview of the Canadian recommendations. Canadian Hypertension Society, Canadian Coalition for High Blood Pressure Prevention and Control, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control at Health Canada, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1999;160(9 Suppl):S1–S6. [PMC free article: PMC1230333] [PubMed: 10333847]


Campbell P, Ghuman N, Wakefield D, Wolfson L, White WB. Long-term reproducibility of ambulatory blood pressure is superior to office blood pressure in the very elderly. Journal of Human Hypertension. 2010;24(11):749–754. [PMC free article: PMC2888732] [PubMed: 20200549]


Canino E, Cardona R, Monsalve P, Perez AF, Lopez B, Fragachan F. A behavioral treatment program as a therapy in the control of primary hypertension. Acta Cientifica Venezolana. 1994;45(1):23–30. [PubMed: 8525757]


Cappuccio FP, Cook DG, Atkinson RW, Strazzullo P. Prevalence, detection, and management of cardiovascular risk factors in different ethnic groups in south London. Heart. 1997;78(6):555–563. [PMC free article: PMC1892335] [PubMed: 9470870]


Cappuccio FP, MacGregor GA. Does potassium supplementation lower blood pressure? A meta-analysis of published trials. Journal of Hypertension. 1991;9(5):465–473. [PubMed: 1649867]


Cappuccio FP, Siani A, Strazzullo P. Oral calcium supplementation and blood pressure: an overview of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Hypertension. 1989;7(12):941–946. [PubMed: 2697729]


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