Term Paper Reference Examples

This is how you would list your references at the end of your assignment in alphabetical order by author.


Cameron, B (Minister for Corrections, Victoria) 2007, Construction begins on high security unit, media release, Victoria, 28 March,
viewed 16 April 2007, <http://www.dpc.vic.gov.au>.


Douglas, N, Douglas, G & Derrett, R (eds) 2001, Special interest groups: context and cases, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane, Qld.


Farley, J 2008, ‘The role of prices in conserving critical natural capital', ConservationBiology, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1399-1408,
viewed 23 February 2009, <http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121544162/PDFSTART>. 


Guidebook to Australian social security law 1983, CCH Australia, North Ryde, NSW.

Hatch, JA 2002, Doing qualitative research in education settings, State of , Albany.

Kneller, JP 1963a, Is logical thinking logical?, Ponsonby & Partridge, Dubbo.


----- 1963b, 'Thinking and logical interaction', Brain Logic, vol. 257, no. 4, pp. 54-62.


MacFarlane, I 2002, 'Aboriginal society in North West Tasmania: dispossession and genocide', PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.


Man with the movie camera 1998, video recording, Chatsworth, CA. Distributed by Image Entertainment. Directed by Dziga Vertov.


O'Connor, DJ 1957, An introduction to the philosophy of education, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.


Peirson, G, Brown, R, Easton, S, Howard, P & Pinder, S 2006, Business finance, 9th edn, McGraw-Hill, North Ryde, NSW.


The search for meaning 1998, radio program, ABC Radio, Sydney, 24 March.


Treloar, D 1999, 'Grains of sense', Australian Gourmet Traveller, November, pp. 29-30, 64.


University of Tasmania Library 2010, Management library guide, University of Tasmania Library,
viewed 19 March 2010, <http://utas.libguides.com/management>.


Wallis, C 1992, 'Asymmetric dependence and mental representation', Psychology, vol. 3, no. 70,
viewed 18 November 2003,



Whiteley, BC 1979, 'Emotional response', Brain Talk, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 234-5.

Images, maps and pictures

Pictures, images and maps must be cited like all other sources. When you use an image or a picture you did not create yourself, you must provide a citation and most often you have to get permission from the copyright holder to use the image. Images should be cited in all cases, even if the image is very small, or in the public domain. The citation should be accessible in the context of the image's use (within a Powerpoint presentation, on a web page, in a paper, etc.).

To get permission to use an illustration from a published scientific article requires that you contact the copyright owner, which most often is the journal/publisher where the article was published. Rightslink is a common service used by many publishers to facilitate the permission procedure. Usually there are no problems to get permission if you are going to use a published image/illustration for non-commercial purposes (i.e. project reports, bachelor/master/PhD theses, research articles), and the permission procedure via Rightslink works fast. 

There are some resources for finding illustrations that are "rightsfree", which means that you can use them without asking for permission, see below for links to some of them. You must, however, always give a correct citation (creator and source) to the images.


Flickr "Many Flickr users have chosen to offer their work under a Creative Commons license, and you can browse or search through content under each type of license."

Britannica ImageQuest  a database including millions of images from top international collection, rights-cleared for educational and scientific use. NB! Britannica Image Quest is not a free resource but Lund University has bought access to it. 




Beaton,C. 1956. Marilyn Monroe. [photograph] (Marilyn Monroe's own private collection).

For images found on the internet the required elements for a reference are: Author. Year (image created). Title of work. [type of medium]. Available at:web site address/URL  [Accession date].

Pepsi. 2009. Pepsi can designs. [image online] Available at:

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

(Beaton, 1956), (Pepsi, 2009) and  (Van Vechten, 1934) respectively.




British geological survey. 2006. Chester and North Wales. Landranger series, Sheet 106, 1:50000, London.

Maps from Google Earth: Google Earth version (if applicable). Year data released. Image details - location, co-ordinates, elevation.Data set (if applicable) [online] Available at: [URL adress]. [Accessed date].

Google Earth 6.0. 2008. Hylands House and Estates 51°42'39.17"N, 0°26'11.30"W, elevation 60M. 3D Buildings data layer. Available at[http://www.google.com/earth/index.html] [Accessed 31 August 2011].


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